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亚博app提现快的:什么是“青海哈萨克”?
发布时间:2021-02-11 18:45:01

It is an important representative element of Qinghai. However, they are all located in the northeastern part of the province, and it is difficult to fully represent this province with the fourth largest land area in China.

它是青海的重要代表元素。但是,它们都位于该省的东北部,因此很难充分代表该省为中国第四大土地面积。

The largest prefecture-level administrative unit in the province,

全省最大的地级行政单位,

This "Haixi Prefecture" was a longer full name about 35 years ago: "Haixi Mongol Tibetan Kazak Autonomous Prefecture",

这个“海西州”是大约35年前的全名:“海西蒙古藏族哈萨克自治州”,

In 1928, Yang Zengxin, chairman of the Xinjiang Provincial Government, was assassinated, and a generation of officials in Xinjiang retired.

1928亚博app提现快的年,新疆省政府主席杨增新被暗杀,新疆一代官员退休。

However, Sheng Shicai’s coming to power did not fundamentally turn the situation around.

但是,盛世才上台并没有从根本上扭转局势。

In 1934, more than 500 Hamin households in Barkol and other places moved east under the leadership of the chief.

1934年,在酋长的领导下,位于巴尔科勒(Barkol)和其他地方的500多户哈明(Hamin)家庭向东迁移。

The movement of the few herdsmen to the east did not attract much attention from Xinjiang. But two years later, there were about 4,000 households and 30,000 people in Harbin in Barkol. After careful planning and full preparation,

少数牧民向东方的运动并没有引起新疆的太多关注。但是两年后,巴科尔的哈尔滨有大约4000户家庭亚博app提现快的和30,000人。经过周密的计划和充分的准备,

Faced with such a large population loss, Sheng Shicai couldn't sit still, sent troops to pursue it, and even used airplanes.

面对如此庞大的人口流失,盛世才不能坐以待,,出兵追击,甚至使用飞机。

Certainly unable to feed these 3,700 households of herders, they continue to migrate and reconcile with the previous team. Among them, 900 households moved to Dulan and Chaka areas in the Qaidam area, 500 households moved to the southern mountainous area of ​​Jiuquan, and 2,300 households moved to Jiuquan.

他们当然无法养活这3700户牧民,但他们仍在继续迁移并与先前的团队和好。其中,有900户搬到了柴达木地区的都兰和查卡地区,有500户搬到了酒泉的南部山区,有2300户搬到了酒泉。

In the spring of the second year after the outbreak of the All-out War of Resistance, some of the people who moved to Gansu gradually moved to

全面抵抗战争爆发后的第二年春天,一些移居甘肃的人逐渐迁往

The reason why Hamin was able to enter the Ganqing-Qingdao area so smoothly was in line with the actual controller of Qinghai and the Jiuquan Zhangye area at the northern foot of the Qilian Mountains.

哈民之所以能够如此顺利地进入甘青-青岛地区,是与青海和祁连山北麓酒泉张ye地区的实际控制者相一致的。

When the Kazakh people moved in, they had a good relationship with the local Mongolian and Tibetan herdsmen. But over time,

哈萨克人迁居时,与当地的蒙古和藏族牧民有着良好的关系。但是随着时间的流逝,

Ma Jiajun played the role of yin and yang here. When Mongolian and Tibetan herdsmen are strong,

马家俊在这里扮演了阴阳的角色。当蒙古和藏族牧民强壮时,

Hamin actually suffered heavy losses. After the strength of Mongolia and Tibet declined,

哈明实际上遭受了严重损失。蒙古和西藏的实力下降之后,

By 1940, Ma Jiajun had another 180 households

到1940年,马家俊又有了180户家庭

The following year,

次年,

So far, Gasi has become the base camp of the Kazakh people who moved east, there are about 400 households, and they have very few livestock.

到目前为止,加西已经成为向东迁移的哈萨克人的大本营,大约有400户家庭,他们的牲畜很少。

On the eve of 1949,

1949年前夕,

The fate of the 40 Hamen in Xiligou is the most embarrassing. At the time of liberation, they were deceived by Ma Jiajun to Chabcha near Qinghai Lake and Longyang Gorge.

西丽沟40号哈门大桥的命运最令人尴尬。解放时,他们被马家骏欺骗,送至青海湖和龙阳峡附近的查巴。

At the beginning of 1950, the 100 Doha people living in the Utu Meiren area did not know the situation at that time.

1950年初,居住在乌图美人地区的100多哈人不了解当时的情况。

Later, bandits (Usman, etc.) forced more than 200 households to fall into the grass and rushed into the Huahaizi area under the pursuit of the PLA. The following year,

后来,土匪(乌斯曼等人)在解放军的追赶下,迫使200多个家庭掉入草丛中,并冲入花海子地区。次年,

In 1952,

1952年,

In 1954, the local area negotiated to rebuild the Kazakh Autonomous Region in Guolimao, Dulan County.

1954年,该地区进行了谈判,以重建都兰县果里茂的哈萨克自治区。

Three years after the establishment of A District, 66 households of 263 Harbin people living here decided to return to their hometown in Xinjiang.

A区成立三年后,居住在这里的66户263户哈尔滨人家庭决定返回家乡新疆。

thus,

从而,

However, the development of the Kazakhs in Qinghai still faces a serious problem-population.

但是,亚博app提现快的青海哈萨克人的发展仍然面临着严重的问题。

Because of the Kazakh

由于哈萨克斯坦

In the early 1980s, some Kazakh people asked to return to their hometown in Xinjiang. The country attaches great importance to this,

在1980年代初期,一些哈萨克人要求返回他们的新疆故乡。国家对此非常重视,

In June 1984, in principle, they were resettled in Xinjiang according to their native place. The Qinghai Kazak was moved to Haba River, Burqin, Altay, Qinghe, Mulei, Qitai, Urumqi and other places in northern Xinjiang.

原则上,他们于1984年6月根据自己的居住地在新疆定居。青海哈萨克人迁至哈巴河,布尔津,阿勒泰,清河,木勒,七台,乌鲁木齐等新疆北部地区。

And where they moved to, they often set up a new village, some of which were called "Qinghai Village."

在他们搬到的地方,他们经常建立一个新村,其中一些被称为“青海村”。

After the Qinghai Kazak returned to Xinjiang as a whole, the Kazakhs who remained in Qinghai were left in Xining, Golmud, Delingha and other cities who were unwilling to relocate. The total number was more than 50.

在青海哈萨克人全部返回新疆之后,留在青海的哈萨克人被留在了西宁,格尔木,德令哈和其他不愿搬迁的城市。总数超过50。

So on May 21, 1985,

1985年5月21日,

However, after a short lapse of time, some of the Kazakh people who returned to Xinjiang (especially the Mulei area) had no fixed pastures, did not adapt to the climate of their ancestral home, production and lifestyle, etc.

但是,经过很短的时间,一些返回新疆的哈萨克人(尤其是木勒地区)没有固定的牧场,也没有适应他们祖传房屋,生产和生活方式等的气候。

Faced with this situation, the state formally launched the resettlement work for returning to the Qinghas in April 2000.

面对这种情况,国家于2000年4月正式启动了重返青海的安置工作。

The resettlement work was based on their own wishes. A sm亚博购买网all number of them agreed to resettle to Kaiganqi Town, Kuitun City, Xinjiang.

安置工作是根据自己的意愿进行的。他们中的少数人同意移居到新疆奎屯市凯干旗镇。

So far, the Kazakhs in Qinghai are mainly concentrated in Mahai Village.

到目前为止,青海的哈萨克族人主要集中在麻海村。

There was another major event that year. On May 11, 2001, the provincial boundaries of Gansu and Qinghai were readjusted, and the boundary was finally drawn.

那年还有另一个重大亚博app提现快的事件。 2001年5月11日,对甘肃和青海的省界进行了重新调整,最终划定了边界。

This may also be a reminiscence of the past.

这也可能是对过去的回忆。

END

结束

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