It is an important representative element of Qinghai. However, they are all located in the northeastern part of the province, and it is difficult to fully represent this province with the fourth largest land area in China.
The largest prefecture-level administrative unit in the province,
This "Haixi Prefecture" was a longer full name about 35 years ago: "Haixi Mongol Tibetan Kazak Autonomous Prefecture",
In 1928, Yang Zengxin, chairman of the Xinjiang Provincial Government, was assassinated, and a generation of officials in Xinjiang retired.
However, Sheng Shicai’s coming to power did not fundamentally turn the situation around.
In 1934, more than 500 Hamin households in Barkol and other places moved east under the leadership of the chief.
The movement of the few herdsmen to the east did not attract much attention from Xinjiang. But two years later, there were about 4,000 households and 30,000 people in Harbin in Barkol. After careful planning and full preparation,
Faced with such a large population loss, Sheng Shicai couldn't sit still, sent troops to pursue it, and even used airplanes.
Certainly unable to feed these 3,700 households of herders, they continue to migrate and reconcile with the previous team. Among them, 900 households moved to Dulan and Chaka areas in the Qaidam area, 500 households moved to the southern mountainous area of Jiuquan, and 2,300 households moved to Jiuquan.
In the spring of the second year after the outbreak of the All-out War of Resistance, some of the people who moved to Gansu gradually moved to
The reason why Hamin was able to enter the Ganqing-Qingdao area so smoothly was in line with the actual controller of Qinghai and the Jiuquan Zhangye area at the northern foot of the Qilian Mountains.
When the Kazakh people moved in, they had a good relationship with the local Mongolian and Tibetan herdsmen. But over time,
Ma Jiajun played the role of yin and yang here. When Mongolian and Tibetan herdsmen are strong,
Hamin actually suffered heavy losses. After the strength of Mongolia and Tibet declined,
By 1940, Ma Jiajun had another 180 households
The following year,
So far, Gasi has become the base camp of the Kazakh people who moved east, there are about 400 households, and they have very few livestock.
On the eve of 1949,
The fate of the 40 Hamen in Xiligou is the most embarrassing. At the time of liberation, they were deceived by Ma Jiajun to Chabcha near Qinghai Lake and Longyang Gorge.
At the beginning of 1950, the 100 Doha people living in the Utu Meiren area did not know the situation at that time.
Later, bandits (Usman, etc.) forced more than 200 households to fall into the grass and rushed into the Huahaizi area under the pursuit of the PLA. The following year,
In 1954, the local area negotiated to rebuild the Kazakh Autonomous Region in Guolimao, Dulan County.
Three years after the establishment of A District, 66 households of 263 Harbin people living here decided to return to their hometown in Xinjiang.
However, the development of the Kazakhs in Qinghai still faces a serious problem-population.
Because of the Kazakh
In the early 1980s, some Kazakh people asked to return to their hometown in Xinjiang. The country attaches great importance to this,
In June 1984, in principle, they were resettled in Xinjiang according to their native place. The Qinghai Kazak was moved to Haba River, Burqin, Altay, Qinghe, Mulei, Qitai, Urumqi and other places in northern Xinjiang.
And where they moved to, they often set up a new village, some of which were called "Qinghai Village."
After the Qinghai Kazak returned to Xinjiang as a whole, the Kazakhs who remained in Qinghai were left in Xining, Golmud, Delingha and other cities who were unwilling to relocate. The total number was more than 50.
So on May 21, 1985,
However, after a short lapse of time, some of the Kazakh people who returned to Xinjiang (especially the Mulei area) had no fixed pastures, did not adapt to the climate of their ancestral home, production and lifestyle, etc.
Faced with this situation, the state formally launched the resettlement work for returning to the Qinghas in April 2000.
The resettlement work was based on their own wishes. A sm亚博购买网all number of them agreed to resettle to Kaiganqi Town, Kuitun City, Xinjiang.
So far, the Kazakhs in Qinghai are mainly concentrated in Mahai Village.
There was another major event that year. On May 11, 2001, the provincial boundaries of Gansu and Qinghai were readjusted, and the boundary was finally drawn.
This may also be a reminiscence of the past.